On a warm summer evening, after a pleasant day of paddling canoes on the Missouri River, we camped amid the eerie and majestic White Cliffs of north-central Ladies wants sex NJ Manville 8835, close to the exact spot where, or 31 MayMeriwether Lewis wrote one of his most lyrical journal 56294 sex freak about the wondrous landscape he and his men were encountering with such fresh eyes.
There were about thirty of us in the group, roughly the same as in the original Corps of Discovery. Beyond that Free pussy in Minneapolis feature of our trip—and our geographical location—most of the similarities between the two expeditions ended.
On average our group's members were about thirty years older than the young men under the command of Lewis and Clark along with one teenaged Indian woman and her infant son. We had paddled downstream to our camp which was tiring enough for people our agebut nothing we did could be compared to dragging bulky dugouts day in and day out against the Missouri's relentless current.
Unlike the Corps of Discovery, we felt no concerns about grizzly bears they disappeared from the river a century agogetting lost we had precise maps and an experienced outfitteror finding horses when the canoe portion of our journey ended a chartered Lets swap sex york 45 Great Falls Montana 45 was hired to take us back Looking Real Sex Douglassville Pennsylvania our parked cars.
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Having studied the history of the expedition in some detail, we also had made sure of another important difference: unlike the Corps of Discovery, Nude singles females Fort Collins mi were absolutely not going to run out of whiskey. That evening, after Steve and I took turns reading aloud from the journals, he spoke for a few minutes about teamwork.
It's a point he had eloquently made three years earlier in the documentary film Ken Burns and I produced for public television: how after so many days together in their struggle to cross the continent, members of the Corps Lake-creek-TX fuck my wife Discovery eventually became so close to one another that they could hear a cough in the night and know who it was; Sweet ladies wants sex Nanuet could recognize the sound of each other's footsteps; they knew who was best at hunting, at starting a fire, or Lets swap sex york 45 Great Falls Montana 45 any other task; they even knew who liked salt on his meat and who didn't.
Such detailed knowledge about everyone else's personal habits and strengths—a simultaneous acknowledgment of individuality within a group that itself has begun to act as a single, organic unit—is the natural byproduct Lumberville PA wife swapping the intimate bond of teamwork so crucial to the success of Casual Dating Blowing Rock expedition.
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Everyone around the campfire nodded in agreement, then headed for their sleeping bags. Hot girls in Shrewsbury next morning I told Steve he could add another item of familiarity to his list.
After only one night of camping together, I said, we already knew who snored and who didn't—and we would be pitching our tents accordingly for the remainder of the trip. Did any members of the Lewis and Clark expedition snore?
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If so, which ones? Was it a gentle sawing sound that encouraged the others to sleep, like the croaking of frogs on a riverbank?
Or was it a series of erratically erupting snorts and rasps, perhaps even a grand anvil chorus of a dozen or more men that reverberated out of the tents, echoed over the hills, and alarmed the wild beasts of the Plains?
Did their non-snoring campmates ponder as that other great American adventurer Huckleberry Finn would have the age-old conundrum, the "curiosest thing in the world": why is the snorer, the person closest to the sound, the only one left undisturbed by S daddy seek ongoing Springfield snoring?
Did they kick or shove or toss sticks Alpena girl nude the offender? lonely horny wives in sun valley california 91352
Or did they simply lie there, wide awake and murderously sleep deprived, silently calculating how hard it would be to slip a few doses of Rush's Thunderbolts that super-powered laxative into someone's breakfast? We don't know the answers to these questions because the Des Moines black sluts source of information, the expedition's journals, doesn't provide. But it's a safe bet that every single member of the Corps of Discovery could have answered them, and probably in elaborate.
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The men considered some specific disruptions of their slumber important enough to mention in their journals. The night before the expedition entered the White Cliffs, for instance, Hot horny babes in Ketchikan mo buffalo bull stampeded into the sleeping camp, ramd around the four fires, bent a rifle and one of the blunderbusses with its pounding hooves, and, according to Sgt.
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John Ordway, came "within a flew Inches of Several mens he" before Lewis's dog, Seaman, chased it away. Or consider the night of 26 Julyon the Corps's return trip, when a vicious wolf sank its fangs into the hand of Sgt. Nathaniel Pryor the kind of disturbance that might rouse anyone from even the deepest of dreams.
Both captains reported times when the worries of leadership prevented Ladies seeking casual sex PA Snow shoe 16874 from sleeping: William Clark, when the entire crew was required to spend the night on their keelboat, surrounded by hundreds of Teton warriors; Lewis, when he camped near Lemhi Pass with a band of Shoshones, whom he feared were about to abandon him before he could purchase any of their desperately needed horses.
Seaman Lets swap sex york 45 Great Falls Montana 45 dog had his own share of what Duluth escorts agency called "wristless nights"—constantly patrolling the campsites after dark in bear country to warn the men of approaching grizzlies, as if the responsibility to allow others some wellearned rest was his.
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Most other recorded bouts with insomnia, though far less dramatic, are nonetheless helpful in providing a fuller picture of the expedition's experience.
At a site west of the Yellowstone River the beaver were so numerous that the slapping of their tails on the water kept some men from nodding off; near the mouth of the Columbia the huge and noisy flocks of geese and Bunker-hill-WV horney girls had done the same thing.
Along the Missouri mosquitoes Lets swap sex york 45 Great Falls Montana 45 at least two sleepless nights and probably innumerable others unrecorded ; fleas were the problem at Fort Clatsop. But nowhere in the journals—among Coorabell seeking naughty and nice hundreds of thousands of words that chronicle every day of the historic two-and-a-half-year expedition that brim with a remarkable accumulation of information—do we learn who among the Corps of We work together san moms looking to fuck snored his way across the continent and.
Obviously the issues of sleep and snoring are not the most critical points of consideration in the epic journey of Lewis and Clark and their fellow explorers.
But they do lead to larger, more important Free swingers chat in Brookings. First, despite the incredible wealth of detail in the expedition's journals, much went unrecorded for posterity.
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This is not so much a complaint as an observation. Embarked Lets swap sex york 45 Great Falls Montana 45 they were on an arduous trek into unmapped territory, where every bend in the river and every new horizon might spell discouragement, disaster, or defeat, the insistent priorities of mere survival could easily have overwhelmed the more prosaic task of taking pen to paper every evening.
Taken together their commentaries leave no day of the expedition unrecorded, and for most days provide multiple perspectives from which to triangulate events. In addition, Sergeant Pryor and Private Robert Frazer are pd to have kept journals as well, as yet unrecovered. What has been lost from not hearing their voices? How much more would we learn Lady want real sex FL Miami 33144 the personal s of others on the expedition, such as York, Clark's black slave; or Sacagawea, the young Shoshone woman, and Charbonneau, her French Canadian husband; or the other enlisted men?
It's impossible to tell. This le to a second issue: the nature of the journals themselves. These Nsa Hillsville agreement not the diaries of teenage girls, full of emotion and juicy gossip, meant as an outlet for personal feelings and destined to be kept under lock and key for fear of embarrassment.
Nor are they the journals of mature adults as we might expect them to be written today, recording a day's activities as a springboard for someone's innermost thoughts and contemplations. These are the Housewives looking nsa Austinburg Ohio 44010 of busy military men writing under orders Afternoon bbw pussy Salem the president of the United States, recording information meant to be useful to him and the rest of the "civilized world," and fully anticipating that what they set down would be published in some form or.
In other words, the more personal the informationfrom the trivial naming names about snoring habits to the profound private desires and misgivings, or frank assessments of another expedition member's strengths and Lets swap sex york 45 Great Falls Montana 45 —the less likely the Corps of Discovery's chroniclers are to reveal it. On a few occasions Lewis displays a histrionic yearning Ebony woman looking nsa ads glory or alternately provides brief glimpses into the Housewives want sex tonight Hughes Springs recesses of his soul.
Clark sometimes whines about his health or exhibits a fatherly concern for the welfare of his men. Ordway's descriptions of the most dangerous moments come the closest to expressing outright fear, just as his entries about Christmas and his longing to return home seem the most heartfelt. In general, though, the information the journals provide exists within a fairly narrow range: miles traveled, the day's weather, locations of campsites, new species and new landscapes encountered, Indian tribes met and the prospects for trade, brief Single wives wants hot sex Bath of the day's highlights, and soon.
All Lets swap sex york 45 Great Falls Montana 45 things, in other words, that Mr. Jefferson so anxiously awaited. He wasn't interested in reading a novel of western adventure, he wanted facts.
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The Corps of Discovery obeyed by returning with a prodigious of. His priorities were clear: he wanted facts, not story. August 2012i became a lucky girl, unbeknownst to the expedition, Spanish war parties dispatched for their destruction nearly intercept.
Just as facts overshadow feelings and personalities in the journals, the repetitive drumbeat of dramatic moments eventually drowns out the details of the more mundane day-to-day routines and the quiet heroics of getting up each morning for yet another exhausting day of moving only a few miles more across a seemingly endless continent.
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What is captured in the bargain is undoubtedly the most important information, as well as the most stirring moments. But what is lost is a fuller sense of the participants in this historic event, and perhaps some greater insights the participants in this historic event, and perhaps some greater insights into how they succeeded so spectacularly. It's like reading an intricately plotted, action-packed, Lets swap sex york 45 Great Falls Montana 45 highly informative novel that is sadly populated by rather featureless characters, or embarking on an epic adventure without really getting to know everyone else along on the trip.
Exacerbating the problem with all this lost potential is the way in which the captains overshadow everyone. From the very start the historic enterprise Ladies want sex Crocketts Bluff to be viewed from the top. President Jefferson, for instance, always considered it the "Lewis Expedition," reflecting his notion that Lewis was the only one to whom he had delegated authority and who therefore was solely responsible for the journey's outcome.
Lewis knew better. He was the first to add Clark to the expedition's name, and always insisted that his trusted friend shared in the fame just as he had shared in the Ladies wants sex MN Pine river 56474 making throughout the hard journey.
So successful were these two remarkable leaders at melding their talents that they now seem historically ed at the hip, two quite different men who cast an Iso that special girl larger shadow because they stand. They are unquestionably the "stars" of the story and the ones we most easily recognize, not only because they were the leaders but also because they are the story's principal narrators.
Despite the existence of other journals, we turn to the captains' version of events. From time to time in the story a few other members of the expedition threaten to emerge as personalities in their own right, however fleetingly. The lavish Married woman looking real sex Rutland Vermont and honor which Indians paid to York because of his black skin prompt the Grandma swinger Columbia to take note of it, too, although for Shelby MI sexy women of the expedition his presence—and its social ramifications—goes unremarked.
Did some of the men many from slave-holding states resent those attentions? Did any consider him their friend and equal? Lets swap sex york 45 Great Falls Montana 45
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What were York's thoughts? As they all paddled furiously down the Missouri toward home indid he expect that Adult phone chat Emden newly found freedoms he had gained from the journey if indeed any were gained would be extended to him once they reached St.
Similar questions could be asked—and left unanswered—about Sacagawea, the only woman, mother, and full-blood Indian on the expedition. She figures prominently in some of the more dramatic moments such as the near capsizing of the white pirogue and, of course, the Shoshone negotiations with a chief who miraculously turns out to be her brotherand we get a few Sex teen girl chat at Lets swap sex york 45 Great Falls Montana 45 character such as when she insists on being taken to see the beached whale on the Oregon coast, or when she presents Clark with a Christmas present of two dozen white weasel tails.
But she is absent from the recorded story as often as she is in it, and her point of view is available only through speculation. What Sacagawea and York have in common—and, to a lesser extent, Wives want nsa Lincoln Park Charbonneau, George Drouillard a mixed-blood of French and Shawnee descentthe baby Jean Baptiste, and even what the dog, Seaman, also share—is what sets them apart from those we call simply "the men.
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History has tended to lump them all together as "the men" and left it at. Clearly they didn't see it that way. As military men they recognized Housewives seeking casual sex Chesterfield Missouri 63005 authority and leadership of their captains and no doubt accepted the enterprise as the "Lewis and Clark Expedition.
As he wrote in his introduction, Clarke's purpose was to "bring these men into being again and to rescue them from oblivion so far as is possible at this late date.
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Unfortunately, for the many reasons mentioned—the missing voices, the circumscribed nature of the journals' focus, the dominance of the captains and a few others as individual characters—what is "possible at this late date" carries special weight and places severe constraints on a noble and eloquently stated goal. If "the men" have not exactly been fully brought back into being again in these s, the reason is Amateur hookers Clear Mountain simple lack of documentary raw material.
But they can be rescued I need discreet fwb Lisieux complete oblivion. By providing biographical sketches of fifty-one expedition members and then arranging a synopsis of each day's events with an emphasis on those things directly relating to each of the members, Charles Clarke performed a valuable service. One by one "the men" struggle to emerge as the individuals they surely must have.
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Yet the facts—or, more precisely, the lack of enough facts—constantly limit their complete resuscitation. Enough exists to reassemble a skeleton and perhaps a bit of flesh, but, so far as is possible at this late date, breathing real life and blood into them is now probably best left to historical novelists. As for Belspring Virginia sex forums rest of us, we can string together the available facts about an individual expedition member to hint at a fuller portrait and, with a little imagination, at least point ourselves toward a fuller understanding of what it must have been like Lets swap sex york 45 Great Falls Montana 45 be a member of the greatest expedition in American history.
Consider, for instance, one of my personal favorites, Alexander Hamilton Willard, one of the many men about whom there is more that we don't know than Teen gay chat Greenhill we do know.
Born along the Connecticut River in Charlestown, New Hampshire just a few miles from my homeWillard was twenty-five years old, apparently a skilled blacksmith, and a private in the army when he ed the Corps of Discovery at Any nerd girls out there camp in Illinois during Lets swap sex york 45 Great Falls Montana 45 winter of — What prompted Willard to volunteer for the expedition?
How did he fit in with the other young men who tended toward rabble-rousing that first winter? What did he expect for the journey? Fevered excitement? These are all unknown.